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Spain was having serious trouble in the early 19th century. Napoleon’s armies had invaded their country. Napoleon was in control of most of the Spanish peninsula by 1809. In addition, the Spanish were suffering defeat after defeat. Spain's heavy losses were attributed to incompetent generals. New Spain, now called Mexico, saw their window of opportunity...
The French invasion of Spain led to the outbreak of revolts all across Spanish America. It was the start of the Mexican liberation from Spain. Mexican war for independence was hard fought. It was not a single event, but many regional struggles that occurred in a revolutionary civil war that lasted 11 years.
Finally, in August of 1821, the Treaty of Córdoba was signed. A new day was dawning for Mexico. New Spain’s dependence from Old Spain had finally occurred. Mexican Liberation from Spain had finally happened!