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In the early 19th century, Mexico stood at a crucial juncture in its history. Consequently, 1819 was a pivotal year, the nation was grappling with the aftermath of the Mexican War of Independence. It had concluded just three years prior. As the dust settled and Mexico sought to forge a new path. However, it faced an array of challenges and opportunities that would shape its destiny.
A Hard-Won Independence
One of the significant aspects of Mexico in 1819 was the emergence of King Ferdinand VII of Spain, whose reign carried immense significance for the country. Undoubtedly, Ferdinand's rule was marked by his dedication to restoring order and stability in the recently independent Mexico. Moreover, his image on the 1819 Mexico 8 Escudo coin, facing right with a crown of leaves, symbolized his authority and the hope he brought to a nation seeking stability
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Mexico first declared Independence from Spain in 1810. To clarify, this happened on September 16th, 1810. Before then this area was more commonly referred to as New Spain. The declaration of Independence led to a 11 year war against Spain. Unfortunately, it wasn't until August 24, 1821 that Spain finally recognized Mexico's Independence.
This was the dawn of the once New Spain turning into the new Mexican Empire. Gone were the days of the Spanish Catholic monarchy. A new federal republic was finally declare and by 1924 they codified Mexico's new Constitution. It is important to note, there were some reattempts by Spain to re-concur New Spain. However, by 1836 Isabella II and Spain finally fully recognized Mexico's independence.