Ancient Greek City of Taras
The ancient Greek city of Taras was later Latinized as Tarentum by the Romans. In fact, the ancient Greek city-state is located in southern Italy. It was one of Magna Graecia's most prominent colonies. In short, a group of Greek colonies was established in the area during the 8th and 7th centuries BC.
Founded in 706 BC by Spartan colonists, Taras was a thriving center of trade, art, and culture. Its location on the Gulf of Taranto made it an important hub for commerce between the Greeks and indigenous Italic people. Taras was also famous for its art and culture.
The Tarantine culture
Tarantine culture was profoundly influenced by Greek colonies on the island of Sicily and southern Italy. However, it also had its own unique identity. The Tarantines were accomplished sailors and fishermen with a strong connection to the water. Two seas, the Ionian and the Adriatic, encircled the city. Most importantly, it made it a valuable center for trade and commerce.
The Taras Silver Didrachm, minted between 302-280 BC, is a fine example of the city's wealth and artistic prowess. The obverse of the coin features a lifelike rider with a spear on his horse, while the reverse depicts a rider on the back of a dolphin.
Explore The Ancient Greek City of Taras
Taranto, as it is known today, is a thriving city with a vibrant cultural legacy. Visitors can explore the remains of ancient Taras, including its impressive defensive walls and the remains of its agora, or central marketplace.
In conclusion, The ancient Greek city of Taras was of great importance in the ancient world, a center of trade, art, and military might. The Taras Silver Didrachm is a testament to the city's wealth and artistic skill and serves as a reminder of the enduring legacy of Magna Graecia.